Starting Pointe as an Adult? Here Are Some Unique Challenges, Plus Helpful Exercises

December 28, 2021

Pointework is often considered the pinnacle of ballet training and a fundamental part of our modern ballet culture. If you have been working hard in class, it’s natural to aspire to pointe. But if you’re an adult student, you may ask, “Am I too old to start?” While technique requirements are the same for ballet students of any age, beginning your pointe journey as an adult presents unique challenges. Read on for more information about what some of those challenges are, as well as tips and exercises for starting off strong.

Finding a Class

While access to adult ballet classes has improved, pointework is still often viewed as the domain of young, aspiring pre-professionals. Adult-specific pointe classes are hard to find. You may need to accept joining a class for younger students.

In light of the pandemic, many adults have turned to online classes. This can be a viable option, but it can be risky since teachers may be unable to adequately observe the technique of every student. Less supervision may make you prone to developing poor habits, potentially leading to injuries. Consider having a few private lessons with your teacher, or consult a physical therapist who specializes in ballet to ensure you are working correctly.

In this black and white image, a female dancer is shown from the thighs down standing in first position. She wears tights and pointe shoes.
Getty Images

Strength Requirements

Most adults starting pointework will need more strength than their younger counterparts. Here are some of the reasons why:

Increased Body Weight

A healthy adult will weigh more than a young girl! Pointework increases the force transferred through the foot by up to 12 times your body weight. You need sufficient strength to support this extra force to prevent injuries.

Foot and Ankle Mobility

To ensure proper alignment, pointework requires significant foot and ankle flexibility. Younger dancers often develop this flexibility by gently elongating the soft tissues while their bodies are growing. Once soft tissues mature, improving pliability can be very difficult. Many adults will be able to achieve good foot and ankle flexibility with regular strengthening and mobility work. However, for some it may be impossible to achieve a fully pointed foot. Attempting pointe without sufficient flexibility may increase injury risk.

If you only have minor limitations, you may still be able to learn pointe. However, you will need to develop extra strength and advanced neuromuscular motor control to ensure you can work your muscles and joints properly, within your limitations. For example, dancers with less flexible feet and ankles commonly sickle when trying to increase their pointe range. However, this adjustment can quickly lead to ankle sprains. Rather than trying to push beyond what your joints and soft tissues will allow, focus on increasing the strength and control within the range you have.

Try this exercise to super-charge your foot strength and control:

  • Sitting down with your legs in front of you, fully point your ankles and feet as much as you can, making sure you lengthen the toes.
  • Maintaining the pointed ankle position, flex just your big toe up. Lengthen your big toe again, and lift just your little toes.
  • Keep swapping big toe, little toes for 8–10 reps.

Previous injuries

Pointework is notorious for exacerbating preexisting aches, pains and injuries. A good defense strategy is to identify injury-prone parts of your body. Then, create a strength-training plan that focuses on supporting these vulnerable structures. For example, knee pain in dancers is commonly caused by hip instability. Single-leg squats are a great way to build high-level strength and control in your hips.

Even if you don’t have knee pain, perfecting a single-leg squat will seriously elevate your lower limb strength in preparation for pointework.

Try this:

  • Stand on one leg in front of a chair, hips and legs in parallel.
  • Slowly lower all the way to sitting. Then, push back up to standing. Keep your hips level and square throughout.
  • Aim for 10 reps. You can make the exercise easier by raising the level of the chair using cushions or books.
  • As you get stronger, remove the cushions.

Increased Risk of Tendon Injuries

As we get older, the collagen and elastin fibers that make up our tendons lose their elasticity. The individual fibers, rather than lying in neat, straight lines, can also become disorganized. These factors increase the propensity for irritation, micro-tearing and even full-blown tears.In ballet dancers, the Achilles tendon and the flexor hallucis longus tendon (which points the big toe) are particularly at risk due to stresses put on them fromrepeatedly pointing the foot and ankle.

The stronger the muscle–tendon unit is, the more resilience it has. Weighted calf raises are one of the best exercises for this job.

Try this:

  • Grab a backpack and load it with a few heavy books.
  • Stand in parallel on one foot, lightly holding on to a barre.
  • Rise up onto demi-pointe, making sure you keep your ankle perfectly aligned. Build up to 20 reps on each leg.
  • As you get stronger, add more books!

The Benefits of Starting Later

Waiting until you are an adult to start pointe does come with benefits. Because adult bones are fully hardened and growth plates are fused, there’s less risk of foot deformity and serious fractures. Unless you have hypermobility, there is minimal risk of stretching the ligaments, which could lead to unstable, painful joints in the feet and ankles. And, of course, all ballet lovers know that nothing beats the physical and emotional benefits of attending class and working hard!

The most important question is not “Am I too old?”, but rather “Am I ready?” Pointework is challenging at any age and should not be taken lightly. However, adults often come to ballet with the determination and focus needed to succeed. With proper training and dedication, you are never too old to start pointe.